Animal Sciences (ANSC)
Survey of beef and dairy cattle, companion animals, horses, poultry, sheep, and swine. Includes the importance of product technology and the basic principles of nutrition, genetics, physiology, and behavior as they apply to breeding, selection, feeding, and management. Lecture and lab.
Provides an understanding of fundamental issues impacting the care and use of animals, and their role in human welfare. Topics addressed include the fundamental principles of animal domestication and its impact on humans, animal welfare and care, animal-environmental interactions, food safety, diet and health issues, economic and societal issues facing the world today, and bioethical issues.
Introductory course that will provide novice students with the fundamentals of animal-animal and animal-human interactions for domestic farm animals. Emphasizes hands-on experiences to develop a background in the concepts and practice of recognizing and understanding the animal's physiology and behavior, animal well being, and animal responses to human interactions. Prerequisite: ANSC 100.
Lecture/discussion course that will provide students an overview of biotechnology and animals. Focuses on biotechnological achievements involving animals and how they influence the global development of agriculture, medicine, and industry. Topics will be covered from scientific, discovery, historical, social, and political perspectives.
This course satisfies the General Education Criteria for:
UIUC: Life Sciences
An experimental course on a special topic in animal sciences. Topic may not be repeated except in accordance with the Code. May be repeated to a maximum of 12 hours. No more than 12 hours may be counted toward graduation.
Surveys the dairy industry; examines principles of breeding, selection, reproduction, feeding, milking and management of dairy cattle. Prerequisite: ANSC 100.
Evaluation of physical traits of dairy cattle in relation to economic value and genetic improvement; sire selection, mating systems, and genetic merit for dairy cattle. Field trip required. Prerequisite: ANSC 100 or consent of instructor.
Examination of the world's animals, domesticated and wild, and their uses in various climatic, economic and cultural contexts. Exploration of their contemporary management and their future prospects. Provides background for international experiences, such as ACES 298 and ACES 299. Prerequisite: Completion of the campus Composition I general education requirement.
This course satisfies the General Education Criteria for:
UIUC: Advanced Composition
Focus on the principles of managing horses from birth through breeding; topics include reproductive physiology, breeding management, nutrition, diseases, parasites, herd health programs, genetics, facility design and exercise physiology.
An introduction to companion animal biology through consideration of the physical structure, nutrition, behavior, and reproduction of animal species most commonly kept as companions. The basic information is applied to discussion of basic preventive health care. Course content is largely focused on cats and dogs, although other mammals, birds and reptiles will be briefly considered. Legal and economic issues, and ethical considerations associated with companion animals are also incorporated into the course discussion.
This course satisfies the General Education Criteria for:
UIUC: Life Sciences
Application of current scientific tools, methods, and performance programs available to livestock breeders for improving beef cattle, swine, and sheep; emphasis on the changing nature of modern breeds of livestock as influenced by selection, economics, and consumer and market trends. Course requires visits (including weekends) to farms, related companies, and events to observe the latest techniques and scientific principles associated with livestock selection and evaluation. Students are responsible for personal expenses on the field trips. Prerequisite: Junior standing; credit or concurrent registration in ANSC 209.
Student participation in the transformation of live animals through harvest and carcass fabrication into food products for human consumption; includes laboratory. Purchase of personal equipment is required.
Provides an introductory background in basic aspects of cell biology, physiology, and genetics. Topics addressed include cell structure, cell organelles, and different types of cells, protein synthesis and gene expression, chromosome structure, basic mechanisms of chromosome replication, basic principles of quantitative and population genetics, and an introduction to genomics and proteomics. Prerequisite: ANSC 100, CHEM 102 and 103 or concurrent enrollment.
Provides an introductory background in basic and fundamental principles of animal anatomy and physiology. The major organ systems (muscle, skeletal, neural, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal) will be presented with an emphasis on comparative anatomy, integrated function, and specific homeostatic mechanisms. Prerequisite: ANSC 100.
Provides an introductory background in the fundamental principles of animal nutrition and how nutrition impacts animal well-being and performance. Students will develop comprehensive knowledge in gastrointestinal and digestive anatomy and physiology, nutrient function and requirements, and energy utilization in various species. Specific topics include different classes and properties of nutrients, differences in digestive mechanisms in monogastric vs. ruminant animals, and how carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals, and vitamins contribute to the nutrient requirements of animals. Prerequisite: ANSC 100, ANSC 221, and CHEM 104 and CHEM 105.
Study of the basic principles of reproduction, lactation, growth, and hormonal regulation in animals as well as humans, including cell growth and differentiation, processes of reproduction, biotechnological methods of reproductive control, manipulation, performance enhancement of lactation and growth. Prerequisite: ANSC 100, ANSC 221.
Explores the current and historical functions and influences of companion animals in American society. Topics include the evolution of animal protection, the use of assistance and service animals, and the growth of the pet supply industry. Controversial issues which are of current concern to society will also be examined.
This course satisfies the General Education Criteria for:
UIUC: Western Compartv Cult
Provides an understanding of the crucial roles that horses have played in the development and expansion of human civilization, including how the role of the horse in culture and society has changed throughout history. Topics addressed include an understanding of the evolution and domestication of horses, use of horses for transportation, sport, warfare and power, and the impact of horses on societal issues facing the world today.
Supervised, off-campus learning experience in an animal-related enterprise. May be repeated in the same or separate terms to a maximum of 10 hours. Prerequisite: Good academic standing; ANSC 100.
Supervised, on-campus learning experience associated with subject matter specific to animal sciences. Approved for both letter and S/U grading. May be repeated in the same or separate terms to a maximum of 10 hours. Prerequisite: Good academic standing; ANSC 100.
Individual research in animal sciences. May be repeated in the same or separate terms to a maximum of 10 hours. Prerequisite: Minimum GPA of 2.5; not open to students on probation; consent of instructor.
Presentations and discussion of employment opportunities, departmental research activities, and topics relevant to animal agriculture. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.
Field studies of farms and service industries; discusses and demonstrates management practices on commercial farms. Trip normally taken during spring break. May be repeated up to 8 hours in separate terms if topics vary.
Provides an overview of how nutrition, genetics, and environment affect beef cattle, swine, and sheep growth, development, and end-product quality and value. Students get hands-on experience evaluating and determining value of live animals and carcasses. Prerequisite: Credit or concurrent enrollment in ANSC 223 and ANSC 224; or consent of instructor.
Explores the relationships between humans and companion animals and the roles and functions that animals play in today's society. Examines the evolution of the human/companion animal bond, benefits and disadvantages of this bond, and working/nonworking roles of companion animals. Controversial issues which are of current concern to society will be examined in detail. Writing and in-class discussions are emphasized. Prerequisite: ANSC 250.
Understand and apply current scientific research and principles of equine science to intensive horse production. An in-depth approach to equine reproductive physiology, nutrition, anatomy and exercise physiology will be followed using a combined lecture and laboratory format. Emphasis on current research and hands-on techniques. Prerequisite: ANSC 206, ANSC 222 or equivalent, and credit or concurrent enrollment in ANSC 224 or equivalent; or consent of instructor.
This course provides an advanced overview of companion animal biology through consideration of the physical structure, nutrition, behavior, and reproduction of animal species most commonly kept as companions. Course content is applied to discussion of best management practices and basic preventive health care. Course content is largely focused on cats and dogs, although other mammals, birds and reptiles are briefly considered. Legal and economic issues, ethical considerations, and career opportunities associated with companion animals are also incorporated into course discussion. Credit is not given for both ANSC 307 and ANSC 207.
General approach to meat utilization with emphasis on selecting, grading, cutting, and pricing meat for the retail, restaurant, and food service industry. This course includes laboratory and may use field trips to establishments to highlight course concepts. Credit is not given for both ANSC 309 and ANSC 109.
Study characteristics associated with the value of carcasses, primal and retail cuts from meat animals; emphasize USDA grading and specifications as well as written communication. Field trips to meat packing plants are required.
Advanced instruction in the selection of breeding animals of beef, sheep, and swine species and in the evaluation of market animals for slaughter. This course requires visits to farms, related companies, and events to observe the latest techniques and scientific principles associated with livestock selection and evaluation. Prerequisite: ANSC 211 or consent of instructor.
Advanced course for students interested in improving their performance and conformation evaluation skills; provides exposure to the horse show industry and the career opportunities associated with this facet of the horse industry; students may compete in intercollegiate judging contests.
Advanced instruction in the selection of breeding dairy animals. Involves visits to farms, related companies and events to observe the latest techniques and scientific principles associated with dairy cattle selection and evaluation. Field trips for cattle judging are required. May be repeated to a maximum of 4 hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 204 or consent of instructor.
Livestock feeds and practical feeding applications for livestock will be addressed. Feed identification and ration formulation will be strongly emphasized. One session of this class will take place at the UIUC Feed Mill. Prerequisite: ANSC 223.
Study of comparative reproduction, lactation, behavior, reproductive strategies, assisted reproduction, and reproductive diseases in domestic and wild animals including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing; IB 104 or one introductory level biology course.
This course satisfies the General Education Criteria for:
UIUC: Life Sciences
Principles and regulation of cellular metabolism in animals, emphasizing energy derivation and its relationship to domestic animal and food production. Prerequisite: CHEM 104, CHEM 105, and ANSC 221 or equivalent.
Introduction to concepts of animal behavior with emphasis on domestic animals; lecture and lab. Prerequisite: ANSC 100.
This course provides an overview of public policy with respect to the use and treatment of companion animals in the United States. Current and alternative policies are considered in terms of their effectiveness in improving or otherwise altering the treatment of companion animals. The influences of animal protection organizations, consumer groups, politicians, the scientific community, and other stakeholders on the development and enforcement of policies are examined in detail. Prerequisite: ANSC 250.
Independent study, under the supervision of a faculty member, on a problem of appropriate scope and character that culminates in writing a thesis. Intended primarily for honors students who plan on conducting research or pursuing graduate study. Thesis projects must be supervised by a faculty member and reviewed by a departmental committee. Students must present a satisfactory thesis to receive credit. May be repeated in the same or subsequent terms to a maximum of ten hours. Prerequisite: Junior standing, minimum GPA of 3.4; consent of a faculty member.
Student-directed experiential learning on special topics directly pertaining to subject matter in animal sciences. Students are required to complete a Memorandum of Agreement prior to enrolling in this course. Approved for both letter and S/U grading. May be repeated up to 5 hours per semester, up to a maximum of 10 total hours.
The technology of modern milk production practices; application of principles in nutrition, physiology, economics, health and hygiene, waste management, and facilities design for efficient dairy herd management systems. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 201 or consent of instructor.
The principles of the management of beef cattle enterprises. Applies science and technology to the breeding, selection, feeding, health and production of beef and beef products. Emphasizes the use of research findings in decision-making. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Credit is not given for both ANSC 401 and ANSC 213. Prerequisite: ANSC 223 or equivalent.
Study of management, nutrition, reproduction, genetics, marketing, economics, housing, health and production record programs as they apply to sheep production. History of the U. S. sheep industry will be explored along with a study of wool production, marketing and processing. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 223 or equivalent.
Applies science and technology to the selection, breeding, feeding, housing and management of swine in a production enterprise; emphasizes use of research findings in decision making. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Credit is not given for both ANSC 403 and ANSC 213. Prerequisite: ANSC 221 or equivalent; ANSC 223 or equivalent; ANSC 467; and ANSC 224 or equivalent or ANSC 431.
Basic principles of genetics, physiology, nutrition, and health of avian species; the application of science and technology in solving the breeding, nutrition, disease, housing, and other management problems encountered in commercial egg and poultry meat production. 3 or 4 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Undergraduate and graduate students must complete research project to obtain 4 hours.
Advanced dairy management compliments the four other classes offered in the dairy certificate program featuring applied management principles and practices needed in modern dairy production. 2 undergraduate hours. 2 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 201 or equivalent or consent of instructor.
Topics related to the conservation, physiology and management of exotic animal species in a captive setting will be addressed. These include conservation biology, population genetics, nutrition, reproduction (natural and assisted), behavior, exhibitry, environmental enrichment and veterinary care. Also covers taxonomy, zoo research, the role of zoos in conservations, and the ethics of maintaining captive animals. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. One Saturday field trip may be required. Prerequisite: ANSC 221 or IB 104, or equivalent.
Basic management concepts related to maintaining the physical and behavioral health of companion animals in a shelter setting will be addressed. Population dynamics and management will be heavily emphasized. Utilizes practical resources available through local and national animal welfare organizations. Two class sessions will take place at the Champaign County Humane Society. One Saturday field trip is required. 3 undergraduate hours. No graduate credit. Prerequisite: ANSC 207 or ANSC 307.
Fundamental biological principles that influence composition, processing, preservation, and quality of meat and meat products. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 221 or equivalent, ANSC 222 or equivalent, ANSC 223 or equivalent, and ANSC 224 or equivalent.
Physiology and microbiology of digestion in the ruminant, and biochemical pathways of utilization of the absorbed nutrients for productive purposes. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 223 or equivalent.
Nutritional implications and metabolic roles of minerals and vitamins in animal metabolism. The course is designed to instill a basic understanding of vitamin and mineral functions, absorption, metabolism, and excretion. Research methodologies used in the study of vitamin and mineral nutrition will also be discussed. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 223 or equivalent, credit or concurrent registration in MCB 450 or ANSC 350, or consent of instructor.
Digestive physiology and basic nutritional considerations of companion animals, with primary focus on dogs and cats. Topics discussed include nutritional idiosyncrasies of dogs and cats, the importance of nutrition in various physiological states, and nutrient needs during disease. Information on pet food regulations, common ingredients and formulation, manufacturing methods, and trends in the pet food industry will also be covered. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 223 or equivalent.
All aspects of dairy cattle nutrition will be discussed including nutrients, phase feeding (milk curve analysis, dry matter intake, and body weight loss), dry and transition cow programs, forage feeding systems, feed delivery approaches, metabolic disorders related to nutrition, and application of various dairy feeding guides. 2 undergraduate hours. 2 graduate hours. Prerequisites: ANSC 201 or equivalent, or consent of instructor.
Integrates principles of animal nutrition with various aspects pertaining to pet food and animal feed manufacturing. Topics discussed in this course include processing technologies (e.g., extrusion, retorting, baking) involved in the manufacturing of pet foods and animal feeds, principles of diet formulation and nutritional guidelines, and an overview of regulatory affairs, quality control, and good manufacturing practices. This course includes two field trips to a pet food manufacturing facility and a food and feed ingredient company. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: Required - ANSC 223; Recommended - ANSC 322 and ANSC 422.
Course is an upper-level undergraduate or entry-level graduate course dealing with reproductive biology. It will include the study of basic cell biology of reproduction, lactation, growth and hormone regulation of domestic and non-domestic animals as well as humans, including biotechnology methods of reproduction control, manipulation, performance enhancement of lactation and growth, and disease control. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 224 or equivalent.
An advanced course on the physiological basis of mammary growth, milk secretion, and udder health. Topics covered includes mammary gland anatomy, hormonal control, causes and control of mastitis, milk harvesting, and milk quality. The course will be delivered via CD and web-based synchronous discussion. Students should have a basic course in dairy/animal sciences, or physiology, or consent of the instructor before taking this course. 2 undergraduate hours. 2 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 201 or equivalent or consent of instructor.
The focus of this course is advanced techniques and technologies used to manage production livestock. The course will emphasize advanced and emerging technologies such as embryo transfer, cloning, semen sexing, and ultrasound pregnancy diagnosis and fetal sexing and innovations in existing procedures including artificial insemination, reproductive health management, and estrus synchronization. Implementation of existing and emerging techniques and technologies and research and discovery will be covered for individuals focusing on careers in livestock production, clinical veterinary medicine, education, technical service/support, and research and development. 2 undergraduate hours. 2 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 331 or equivalent, or consent of instructor.
Examines the structural and functional development of the mammary gland, cell biology, and control of milk synthesis, and composition and biochemistry of milk. Compares and analyzes the physiological processes of lactation in mammals. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 224 or equivalent.
Principles of heredity and their application to the problems of animal improvement. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours.
Design and analysis of experiments: multiple regression, method of fitting constants, factorial experiments with unequal subclass numbers, analysis of covariance, experimental design; computer applications to agricultural experiments using statistical packages. Same as ABE 445 and NRES 445. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: CPSC 440, or equivalent.
Conceptual and mathematical approach to the genetics of populations: estimation of allele and genotype frequencies; Hardy-Weinberg principle; measures of genetic diversity and distance; selection; non-random mating; genetic drift; mutation; neutral theory; migration and population subdivision; linkage and recombination; coalescence and phylogenetic inference. Applications to animals, plants, human health and wildlife conservation. Same as IB 416. 3 or 4 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Students desiring 4 hours credit do additional work in some area of population genetics. Prerequisite: An introductory genetics course (ANSC 221 or IB 204); one of MATH 220, MATH 221, or MATH 234; or consent of instructor.
Introduction to deterministic and stochastic mathematical models for the life sciences, statistical methods for fitting and testing models, and computer simulation programs. Applications to populations, processes, and products of animals, plants, and humans. Same as IB 487 and STAT 458. 3 or 4 undergraduate hours. 3 or 4 graduate hours. Students desiring 4 hours credit do additional work in some area of mathematical modeling in the life sciences. Prerequisite: IB 104; a course in calculus, and a course in computer sciences; or consent of instructor.
Advanced concepts of immunophysiology and immunogenetics. Immunophysiology with an emphasis on immune-neuroendocrine interactions. The molecular and cellular basis of self-nonself recognition with an emphasis on the major histocompatibility complex in vertebrates and innate immunity in both vertebrates and invertebrates. The mucosal immune system, which requires a complex interplay between innate and acquired immunity to protect mucosal surfaces exposed to the environment. A working knowledge of genetics and cellular and molecular biology is recommended. Same as MCB 442 and PATH 410. 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.
Fundamental aspects of the ecology of microorganisms and their biochemical activities related to the degradation of organic matter with emphasis on the gastrointestinal tract of production animals. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: MCB 100, and ANSC 350, MCB 300, MCB 424, or equivalent.
Basic principles of animal growth from early fetal development through typical marketing ages for the major domestic animal species. Topics discussed include molecular and cellular determinants of tissue development and whole animal growth, with coverage of current and future technologies for manipulating growth to enhance animal production. 3 or 4 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 221, ANSC 222, ANSC 223, and ANSC 224.
The history of stem cell biology as well as up-to-date topics in stem cell research will be presented and discussed with emphasis on experimental approaches. Each student is expected to present research articles relative to each focus area and lead the discussion for the whole class every week. Topics include Molecular Reproductive Biology, Genetics, Physiology of both adult- and embryo-derived stem cells, and their application to Biotechnology and Regenerative Medicine. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite: STAT 100 or equivalent, MCB 316, ANSC 221, ANSC 224, or equivalent; or consent of instructor.
An in-depth multidisciplinary approach (physiology, behavior, immunology, neuroscience) to understanding animal-environment interactions (including thermal, air, microbic, photic and behavioral factors) as basis for prescribing practical environments for keeping animals. Courses in physiology, biology, nutrition, microbiology, and genetics are recommended. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ANSC 221 or equivalent, ANSC 222 or equivalent, and ANSC 223 or equivalent; or consent of instructor.
Designed to familiarize students with the tools and skills necessary for successful business operation in industry and entrepreneurial environments including food animal production farms. The overall aim is to explore how enhanced interpersonal and leadership skills facilitate positive relations in business. Students will design a business plan, an entrepreneurial enterprise, that will be read by an external committee of professors, community members, and business owners and evaluated for its viability and creativity. This course is relevant for leaders as well as future entrepreneurs interested in acquiring valuable skills that may be applied to many careers. 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisites: Any advanced composition course.
Introduction to the theoretical basis of and skills associated with leadership, inquiry, and collaborative learning. Capstone experience in integrating knowledge, practicing skills, and applying theory through collaborative projects that address current issues in animal sciences. Projects relate to the impact of animals and animal use on humans and societal issues facing the world today. 2 undergraduate hours. 2 graduate hours. Prerequisite: Must have completed one of the following: ANSC 293, ANSC 294, ANSC 295, ANSC 299, ANSC 396, ANSC 398, ACES 293, ACES 298 or ACES 299.
Group discussion or an experimental course on a special topic in animal sciences. 1 to 4 undergraduate hours. 1 to 4 graduate hours. May be repeated.
Microstructure and chemical composition of muscle tissue; chemistry and biosynthesis of muscle and connective tissue proteins; and biochemical aspects of muscle contraction and rigor mortis. Prerequisite: ANSC 452, ANSC 409, and ANSC 350 or MCB 450.
Physiological aspects of protein and amino acids, fats and fatty acids, and carbohydrates as applied to higher animals; includes classification, digestion, absorption, utilization, metabolism, and dietary deficiencies and excesses. Prerequisite: MCB 450 or equivalent and ANSC 222 or equivalent.
Physiological and microbiological aspects of ruminant digestion and their influence on the metabolism of the extraruminal tissues; interpretation of nutritive requirements in terms of rumen microbial activities; and evaluation of research techniques. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ANSC 420 or equivalent, and ANSC 350, MCB 450, or equivalent.
Discusses and applies methods of laboratory analysis and animal experimentation frequently used in nutrition research. May be repeated with approval. Prerequisite: Courses in nutrition, physiology, and biochemistry and consent of instructor.
Review of literature in nonruminant nutrition. Emphasizes basic concepts associated with food intake, carbohydrate and fat utilization, protein quality, bioavailability of nutrients, and diet formulation. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Students will learn how to effectively apply advanced concepts related to pet nutrition and disease, including the metabolism within healthy and diseased dogs and cats, how nutrition may aid in preventing and treating disease, and the science behind pet food formulation and production. Students will develop critical-thinking and problem-solving skills by writing and reviewing grant proposals and delivering an oral presentation. Prerequisite: ANSC 422 (Companion Animal Nutrition) or consent of instructor.
Laboratory methods used in reproductive physiology studies, such as blood sampling, large animal surgery, collection of tissues and gametes, embryo recovery, in vitro fertilization, tissue culture, hormone measurements, and directed individual research problems. Same as MCB 533 and CB 533. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Introduction to theoretical and applied aspects of bioinformatics. Topics include genomic and proteomic databases, sequence alignment and search algorithms (e.g., BLAST, FASTA, CLUSTAL W), predictive methods in DNA sequence, machine-learning techniques (e.g., Hidden Markov Models) and data mining, biomolecular structure and its prediction, molecular evolution and phylogenetic reconstruction, structural genomics and phylogenomics. Concepts are complemented with hands-on experience with computational biology databases and bioinformatic tools. Same as CPSC 569 and IB 506. Prerequisite: Graduate level status or consent of instructor.
This course presents current statistical approaches to analyze DNA microarray, quantitative trait loci and proteomic data and understand the genetic architecture of complex phenotypes including health, performance and behavior. DNA microarray studies measure the expression of thousands of genes simultaneously. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping studies detect associations between genomic regions and phenotypes. Results from these and proteomic studies help identify and quantify genes, regulators and products leading to drug, biotechnology and scientific discoveries. Same as CPSC 545 and IB 507. Prerequisite: Graduate level course in Statistics and graduate level course in Molecular Biology.
Examines animal's physiological and behavioral adaptations to stress. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.
Discussions of current research and literature. Registration for 0 to 2 hours each term is expected for animal sciences graduate students. Approved for both letter and S/U grading. May be repeated to a maximum of 2 hours for Masters students and 4 hours for Ph.D. students.
Selected topics associated with teaching, research, and production related to the animal industry. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Directed and supervised study of selected research topics in Animal Sciences. May be repeated to a maximum of 4 hours. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Approved for S/U grading only. May be repeated.